Współczesne papiestwo jako kozioł ofiarny. Interpretacja mimetyczna


Słowa kluczowe:

Benedict XVI, clericalism, René Girard, Francis, mimetic theory, scapegoat


One of the research methods is the mimetic theory developed by René Girard, a French-American literary scholar and anthropologist. An important idea in this concept is the scapegoat. Reluctance towards individuals or groups so defined is used to build social and political unity. Girard emphasizes that Napoleon Bonaparte played this role in the past. He was hated, and at the same time, his political and military skills were imitated. Nowadays, the papacy is the institution around which channeled aversion is an opportunity to build unity. On this subject, Girard referred to the person of Pope Benedict XVI, who efficiently united the Orient and the Occident in their aversion to each other. The pope who successfully defends himself against victimization is Francis. He does not reject the scapegoat but uses it efficiently, shifting his resentment from himself onto the clergy under his authority. In this action, Francis is imitated by the Polish hierarchs who adopted his conviction that it is necessary to combat clericalism. Making a smaller or larger group of clergymen a scapegoat seems to be not a great loss, especially when we consider the fact that this is a significant group in Polish society. In this work, Polish bishops are supported by two religious communities – Dominicans and Jesuits – whose members willingly highlight the negative features of the priests active in the parish space.