Walter Rauschenbusch – pastor i reformator na miarę czasu? Wyzwania dla ruchu ewangelii społecz-nej w dobie przemian społecznych w Stanach Zjednoczonych Ameryki na przełomie XIX i XX wieku



Słowa kluczowe:

social gospel, liberal Protestantism, Christianity, practical theology, congregationalism


Walter Rauschenbusch was an important figure in American liberal Protestantism, the social gospel movement, and American theology. He served for many years as pastor of the Second German Baptist Church in New York and a professor at Rochester Theological Seminary. His most notable work was Society of Christian Social Crisis (1907), in which he set forth his ideological assumptions for Christianity in the United States. These ideas referred primarily to the vision of the Kingdom of God on Earth, which was to be instituted mainly through eliminating social inequalities and facilitated by the spread of love of neighbor and social justice. In addition, they were inspired by the figure and activities of Jesus Christ, whom the American pastor saw not only as a son of God, a prophet, and, before all, as a social activist. Hence, to act effectively, Rauschenbusch created a movement based on Christian socialism, as reflected in the Society of Christian 168 sebastian dama Socialists and later in the social gospel movement, which significantly changed not only Christianity in the United States but also the society of the country.