Przejawy ekskluzywizmu religijnego w tradycjach indoeuropejskich

Słowa kluczowe: Indo-European religion, Dumézil’s tripartite ideology, religious exclusivism and obligations, social forms of beliefs


Primitive and tribal religions were not ideologically consistent. There was no concept of the only true faith and apostasy. The article is devoted to religious exclusivism in its veiled forms. In Indo-European tradition, religious differences emerged from a social organization. According to G. Dumézil's theory, each caste had its gods and its own variety of religion. Also, some tribes, e.g. Goths, shaped their ethnic identity on the basis of myth, rituals and taboo. In totem groups, religion was defined by the clan. Each member of a given family had to follow their own customs and reject foreign religions. The price was the life of the whole community. Indo-European mythology, literary and archaeological data suggest the religious authority of the clan. Studies on the specificity of religious exclusivity in ancient traditions are possible, but they must be implemented with methodological caution.